IELTS Essay Topics and related information

IELTS students- would you like some pointers about How to Write IELTS Essay topics? For many, writing an essay on a surprise topic is a daunting task, but if you plan and prepare yourselves well- you can score well in this section and increase your overall band score.

IELTS Test has an important element of writing an essay of about 250-280 words. IELTS Writing Task 2 is the essay writing part which should be well-written and organized so that good scores can be achieved for Coherence and Cohesion. Most important tips are stated below,

  1. Plan the writing of the essay before actually starting. Give 10 minutes for the effective planning of the essay. Plan a good idea with the supporting points so that the topic is not answered off the point.
  2. It should have 4-5 paragraphs.
  3. It should have a length of at least 250-280 words.
  4. Review the essay after writing. Look for grammatical errors and correct them.
  5. The conclusion should be good. Weigh the arguments and end as a conclusion and not as an argument.

IELTS essay topics

There are certain factors which should be covered in the essay-

  • Agreement and disagreement on the views
  • The extent of agreement and disagreement
  • What are the potential problems and solutions?
  • Discuss both the views and give your opinion
  • Do the advantages outweigh the disadvantages

The IELTS Test syllabus consists of different sections namely Listening, Reading, Writing, and Speaking. The duration of the test is 2 hours and 45 minutes.  The essay should be completed in 40 minutes. The shortest trip is that the candidate has to write fast but also maintain calm and write with focus.

The test proves to be an important benchmark in understanding the proficiency of spoken and written English of the candidate. It adds self-confidence in their personality which is it is a trait of leaders and successful personalities.

Many candidates get nervous while writing the IELTS exam essay because they get worried about the topic which they may have to face and how to write IELTS essay? They get stressed that an unfamiliar topic may leave them with loss of ideas. Hence it is important to understand the most common IELTS exam essay topics so that the preparation can be done accordingly.

Below is a list of common IELTS essay topics which can be prepared by the candidates. An important thing to remember here is that IELTS Writing Task 2 is an assessment of proficiency of the English language and not the test of knowledge of the candidate. Hence the topics of general interest which are common are given for writing.

IELTS essay writing topics

  1. Art
  • About the art forms and artists
  • Art education in school
  • Censorship in art
  • Art as a profession
  • Benefits of art in society
  • Funding
  1. Business and Money

  • Family run business
  • Small and medium-sized business versus large business
  • Start-ups
  • International business
  • Leadership and Management
  • Role of technology in business
  • Consumerism and materialism
  1. Punishment and Crime
  • What makes a criminal?
  • Crime and technology
  • Minor versus major criminals
  • Role of police
  • Law enforcement for men and women criminals
  • Crime versus rehabilitation
  • Different types of punishment
  1. Education

  • Is education becoming a business?
  • Use of technology in educational institutions
  • Role of vocational subjects in school and college level
  • Education and students
  • Discipline in schools
  • Single-sex schools
  • Education funding in poor countries
  • Role of teachers
  1. Communication and Personality
  • Common uncaring and the use of technology
  • Long-distance communication versus face to face communication
  • Family and communication
  • Types of communication
  • Innate and developed personalities
  • Male and female characters
  1. Environment

  • Saving and preserving the environment
  • Global warming
  • Protection of endangered species
  • Animals
  • Role of individuals and government in saving the environment
  • Zoos and Wildlife Sanctuaries/National Parks
  1. Economics
  • Globalization and economy
  • Cash versus credit cards
  • Savings versus spending
  • Economic progress and success
  • World economy issues
  1. Family and Children

  • Size of family
  • Family woes
  • Children and education
  • Role models
  • Discipline in family
  • The generation gap
  1. Health
  • How to maintain good health
  • Health in countries
  • Poor countries versus rich countries
  • Awareness about health amongst citizens of diverse countries
  • An outbreak of epidemics and the ways to deal with it
  • Hospital and treatment
  • Health-related expenses
  • Wellness and exercise
  1. Food

  • Health foods versus junk food
  • Dietary supplements
  • Health supplements and nutrients to deal with malnutrition
  • Obesity due to overeating
  • Children and diet
  • Traditional diet versus a modern diet
  1. Travel
  • Learning about global cultures through travel and tourism
  • Tourism in different countries
  • Globalization and tourism
  1. Transport

  • Different types of transport
  • Transport infrastructure
  • Development of transportation across the globe
  • Modern means of transport and communication
  • Environmental issues
  1. Technology
  • Role of the Internet in society
  • Online facilities
  • Different types of Internet-activated devices
  • Children and technology
  • Hacking
  • Storing of data
  • Security of personal information
  1. Sports

  • Types of sports
  • Sports education in school
  • Experts versus amateurs
  • Sports equipment
  • Government aid for progress in the field of sports
  • Men and women in sports
  1. Society
  • Overpopulation
  • Poverty
  • Taboo in society and change in trends
  • Society and technology
  • Homeless people
  • Crime on streets
  • Modern lifestyles
  • Public services
  • Budget and spending
  • Unemployment
  1. Work

  • Types of work
  • Men and women in workplaces
  • Employment
  • Work and technology
  • Salary
  • Equality
  • Part-time work

Why is it important to know the IELTS Essay topics?

It will be extremely helpful for the candidates to have some idea about the topics to write IELTS essay which can be given in the writing task because they can think, plan and write in better vocabulary. This will give them the advantage to fetch a better score. IELTS teacher can also prove to be a great guide in the preparation of the essay topics.

Role of idea

Generation of a good idea plays a pivotal role because this helps the students to have an opinion and then write accordingly. The IELTS teacher who sets the pattern of the task wants to judge the relevant ideas for the given topics. They are not looking for the best ideas.

Common IELTS essay topics 2018

  • Health
  • Education
  • Environment
  • Youth
  • Crime

These are the common topics about which every candidate should have an opinion. Everyone has a viewpoint on such issues and this is what the examiner wants to judge. Common issues related to such topics are given in the task 2 question.

The role of Vocabulary

Vocabulary is also an important aspect of the writing task. 25% of the marks are dependent upon good vocabulary. The vocabulary should be topic-centric.  The familiarity of the topic will provide young people with a better scope to use words related to the essay topic. This will give the candidate the advantage to score higher in the writing task. Hence knowing the common topics allows the candidates to get acquainted with the vocabulary.

Are IELTS essay topics predictable?

The easiest answer to this question is NO. But the candidate should be aware of the fact that only common topics are given for the writing task. These topics include Education, Health, Globalization, Transport, Technology, International Development, Environment, and Youth crime.

The main purpose behind assigning IELTS essay questions is:

  • Checking the fluency of the language
  • Checking the vocabulary and the use of synonyms in the essay.
  • Grammar check
  • Reasoning
  • Familiarity with the topic

IELTS latest essay topics

Here are some examples of essay topics for IELTS:

  • At the present time, the population in some countries has a relatively large number of young adults compared to the number of older adults.

Does the advantage of this situation outweigh the disadvantages?

  • The business meeting is taking place online.
  • Many famous sports personalities advertise sports and other products.
  • Some people think that the best way to deal with environmental issues is to increase the cost of fuel for vehicles.
  • People from poor and rural areas find it difficult to make to university admissions. Universities should make the admission process easier for them?

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

  • Some people think that environmental protection and preservation should be a concern of the government, while others believe that it is the responsibility of the people to take care of e environment.

Discuss both views and give your opinion.

  • People spend a lot of money on various things as their income has increased.

Is it a negative or positive development?

  • Most people prefer ready to eat packaged food from outside rather than home-cooked food.

What are the advantages and disadvantages attached to it?

  • Young adults should contribute to their community by doing unpaid work in their free time.

IELTS Essay Topics 2017

  • These days families move abroad to find better employment opportunities. Some people live there and believe that this benefits the children in their families while others think that it makes their life difficult.

Discuss both views and give your opinion.

  • These days people own cell phones and computers which provides them with the opportunity to work from home.

Does working from home has more advantages or disadvantages?

  • Some people believe that parents should monitor and supervise their children’s activities closely, while others believe that children should be given freedom.

Discuss both views and give your opinion.

IELTS essay topics with answers band 9

Here is an example of a good IELTS essay:

Essay Topic: Obesity is a serious problem in many countries, especially in rich countries. Discuss ways to solve the problem. Provide specific reasons and examples to support your answer.


With the rise in the popularity of fast food, w plethora of health issues have engulfed humankind, especially the younger generation. The foremost issue facing the world is obesity; especially in developed countries like the USA and the UK. After studying and analyzing the topic, I can suggest a number of ways in which the problem can be curbed to a great extent.

As the rate of development in developed countries is high, the buying power of the people is also proportionate. Thus they are exposed to a variety of fast-food chains. They get impressed and tempted to try such easily accessible foods without creating a dent in their income status. As per the survey of Americal Dietary Association, it was found that American household has a budget for food per month which is six times larger. Hence it can be stated that wealthy countries experience higher obesity rates.

However, there are numerous ways to deal with the issue. Firstly, developed country governments can convince the fast food outlets and chains to lay more emphasis on the circulation of healthy options to burgers, French fries, pizzas, and soft drinks.

Secondly, advertising and promotion of the public exercise initiatives vigorously can be very useful and helpful in this regard. Lastly, at the grass-root level, schools should start explaining about healthy food and dietary requirements. This can curb the interest of the teenagers off fast food and towards healthy binging.


I surely see that the situation can improve to a great extent if the above-mentioned steps are observed by the developed countries because they can set an example for the developing and under-developed countries.

These are some of the IELTS essay topic list questions which have featured in the latest IELTS essay topics 2018 across the world. All the topics stated above which related to How to Write IELTS Essay are quite general and common which provides the candidate clarity to practice and familiarize with the common subjects.

What is a good score in IELTS?

Scoring band 5.5 scores is not considered good in IELTS. An overall score of 6 and above are considered as good by most of the universities.

They get band scores for each skill and an overall overview band score too. Listening, Reading, Writing, and Speaking are the parameters on which the scoring is done and based on the scores of these categories; the overall band score is given and it’s rounded up to the nearest 0.5 score. If the candidate scores 6.25, then the band score will be 6.5.

The English proficiency of the user depends upon the score, For example,

  • Modest User Sore 5
  • Competent User Score 6
  • Good User Score 7
  • Very Good User Score 8
  • Expert User Score 9


The candidate should not wait for the last minute preparations he/she should begin ahead in time and the topics can be prepared as per the subjects because common topics are focused upon.